Ideology and Challenges of Political Liberalisation in the USSR, 1957–1961

Ideology and Challenges of Political Liberalisation in the USSR, 1957–1961

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Renkama, Jukka
Ideology and Challenges of Political Liberalisation in the USSR, 1957–1961. Otto Kuusinen’s ”Reform Platform”, the State Concept, and the Path to the 3rd CPSU Programme
Finnish Literature Society
Bibliotheca Historica 99
Helsinki 2006, 396 pp.

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At the heart of the work stands Otto Kuusinen´s (1881-1964) "reform platform": it is composed of private memoranda he drafted for Nikita Khrushchev in 1957-1961. Preceeding Mikhail Gorbachev´s perestroika by some thirty years, the former Social Democrat-turned-Communist and veteran Comintern functionary wished to reform the Soviet system by replacing "Stalinist" hypercentralisation and arbitrariness by a system of "socialist democracy", hence making the regime more popular and predictable both domestically and internationally. Kuusinen approached the issue from a theoretical perspective. To his mind permanent, concrete political changes in the character and methods of communist rule could only be achieved by first legitimising them ideologically. Here his main instrument was the state concept.

Additional Information

ISBN 951-746-802-4
ISSN 1238-3503