The aim of this study is to investigate primarily two transitional periods of post-World War II Yugoslav Jewry. The first period covers the immediate post-war years 1944–53. The second period studied in this research covers the transition from Yugoslav to post-Yugoslav Jewry. Post-Yugoslav Jewry covers geographically all the successor states of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. This period starts in the latter part of the 80s and finishes at the end of 1995. The study endeavours to cover aspects of the Jewish communities and their activities as well as the position of Jews as a minority group and their relations and interaction with the authorities. Consequently, this research sets itself the task of illuminating and evaluating several aspects and events of the two above mentioned periods of Yugoslav Jewry and portraying them in their proper political, religious and regional context.