In the old Aarne / Thompson, Portugal was virtually non-existent, appearing in the bibliography of just three folktales. In 2003, the author of iThe Types of International Folktales/i stretched his hand to the first manuscript of the iCatalogue of Portuguese Folktales/i and included them in 700 types of his own manuscript. iThe Catalogue of Portuguese Folktales/i is now the first regional index that takes into account the classifications of the new ATU. But it displays its difference by electing its own affinities with old AT numbers, with regional catalogues, or even by offering new numbers. We can see a new face of the European folktale emerging, with a strong Mediterranean flavour.